That is not quite the same things as the dedicated connections that AWS/Google would want between their data centres, but it's not the same connectivity issues we struggled with 15 years ago when we only had one or two subsea cables.
It's very confusing to me. South Africa is really far out of the way. I guess a 2000 mile round trip from Lagos isn't a big deal in the grand scheme of things, and maybe Kenyans have better connectivity with a data center in the ME or India.
African telecoms in general have been making great progress in building terrestrial fiber optic cable links inland from the coastal cable landing stations.
There is a whole lot more fiber (and resiliency/diversity of paths) than there used to be.
For instance the cable landing station in Freetown, Sierra Leone now has terrestrial trenched fiber going in to the interior of the country, through the 2nd through 5th largest sized cities in the country, then east by land into Liberia and forming a ring with the major telecom sites in Monrovia.
Re: Lagos specifically, Nigeria is already served by a number of other submarine fiber cables and has a decent amount of capacity that ultimately ends up in Spain, Portugal, France and the UK at the other end of the sub-sea fiber. Due to the huge population in Nigeria it has seen a lot more commercial telecom development investment money over the past 20 years.
Google does have some presence on both the western / eastern coasts (Nigeria / Kenya) but in general it's tough to be in many other places when there's not really good connectivity. New fibers will help, of course.
(blah blah google employee disclaimer)
Or even better: https://www.indexmundi.com/map/?v=118&r=af&t=10&l=en, most users are in SA and NG...
ZA is not the largest African economy (I believe Nigeria is slightly larger, but they also have ~4x the population to "brute force" the numbers), but it is the most developed with a good amount of techies in the area.
This means more workforce to hire from and more customers.
Central Africa from east to west won't have as nice latency, but it'll be potentially better than EU hosting - or at least it's another option available to them. However I doubt they had to suffer 200ms latency on a roundtrip to EU servers like the Southern Africa.
More info available at https://www.2africacable.net/faq
It is quite far though - around 100ms latency to Europe which no cable can fix unfortunately
I'd imagine this is more google wanting the traffic on their own wires for strategic/cost/control reasons.
That said more capacity & more redundancy is always a win.
>speed of light.
Yeah it is still well above. Unsure why but as per above more cables doesn't seem to be moving the needle anymore. I believe spacex sat route would shorten it though.
I remember there was a fighter jet that crashed (*software* crash) trying to cross the other meridian in the Pacific,
This is common in maths when you approach a number 0 in this case) from either side. Your results may be dramatically different, such as "what happens when you approach 0 for f(x) = 1/x"
You can use DeepL.com to translate French to English if needed.
1998, all is good.
Neal Stephenson goes into this in some detail in his 1996 classic:
But for what I assume to be political reasons latency to Europe is about 20 or 30ms higher then what it could be .
When I was there, I could get sub 100ms latency to France using a Wireguard tunnel to an AWS server in Bahrain, while direct connections were closer to 120-130ms.
Overall though, I found connectivity in the UAE to be absolutely fine by middle eastern standards.
I was in Dubai twice earlier this year, and among other people I met with Dr Marwan Alzarouni, who helped create the first certificate authority in UAE many years ago. And their group have now released an app that has all your info and you choose what verified credentials to present.
Monaco and Dubai are “police states” if you will, with cameras everywhere and end to end encryption technically illegal. Many people (tourists, businessmen) seem to like that.
The fact that the country may require decryption in legal cases is not limited to Monaco, UK is the same.
France has restrictions as well, in the US encryption is munition.
Maybe a loophole they found.
This site seems to be dedicated to opposing any sort of development along the Oregon coast, so I guess it's not surprising they didn't like this.
The drilling fluid is in a borehole ~60 feet underground, and has hardened into a solid (as it's designed to do when not under the mechanical stress of drilling). It's mostly water and clay, with a few additives, all of which are below their ecotoxicity threshold concentrations, even at full concentration in the borehole. And if the drilling fluid ever entered the ocean (which it won't), it would be diluted such that "concentrations of the drilling mud additives and their chemical constituents would be orders of magnitude below ecotoxicity threshold concentrations (and therefore non-hazardous to natural resources) and undetectable".
I'm speculating that areas with undersea cables are often marked as "no anchor" zones due to the risk of damage (in areas where such practices are followed).
So the drop in damage from anchors and extended motor boat presence might eventually outweigh the initial damage from laying the cable.
This cable was (at least in parts, e.g. past Togo) laid by cable layer ship Teliri, registered in Italy.
The company's map shows they've laid several cables in/to North America: http://www.elettratlc.it/works.php
> The Investment Package will facilitate projects in submarine and terrestrial fibre-optic cables, as well as cloud and data infrastructures. It will also support regulatory frameworks promoting a digital transition that put people at the centre and the principles of trusted connectivity, such as data protection.
> According to a brief (and somewhat detail-thin) explainer that the EU put out, the Global Gateway Investment Package will focus on infrastructure that can facilitate trade and mobility. Also included is a EurAfrica Gateway Cable – an under-sea fibre optic network that will connect sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with Europe. Another focus is electrification – 600m Africans still lack access to electricity. https://www.ntu.edu.sg/cas/news-events/news/details/europe-p...
we are building cables. But also eletricity.
And even if you did know it's probably not enough money anyway given the competitor for influence in that area are China and (less but growing last I checked) the US
According to a source I'll never find again, Africa is on a European year 1900 economic development level, and catches up 3-4 years per year.
I don't think Africa needs European charity. They'll develop themselves from now on.
Cameroon  and Ethiopia  are in the midst of civil wars. The DRC  is close to one. Burkina Faso just had a coup . Zimbabwe had one in 2017, Chad arguably in April . (Guinea Bissau tried and failed to join the club.)
Africa is a big continent. But its geopolitical situation remains uniquely unstable.
Asia and Europe also have a few wars going.
This is fair and broadly sustained. Was narrowly pushing back on the notion that Africa’s warring days are behind it.
What does this mean, exactly? (I've been to northern and southern Africa a few times but do not know the in-between)
Do you mean free and fair elections? Fair access to courts?
The trend towards both things you mention is very clear last few decades though!
>This advantage only increases over time, as tighter cables provide higher bandwidth – the 2012 generation of cables drop
>the transatlantic latency to under 60 milliseconds, according to Hibernia Atlantic, deploying such a cable that year.[
Are they able to achieve a direct, straight-line path between the two endpoints over thousands of miles?
Mother Earth Mother Board
The hacker tourist ventures forth across the wide and wondrous meatspace of three continents, chronicling the laying of the longest wire on Earth.
That said, Google will likely reserve some portion of the cable for their inter-datacenter use. That’s how you get fast cross region data transfer in GCP. Same for AWS and Azure, all have some capacity reserved for data between their datacenters.
Instead, like the US government, Google have developed mastery of "soft power" making it statistically-rare that they conduct Putin-like tactics. They know that heavyhanded tactics force heavyhanded responses and are actually a sign of weakness, not strength.
To be fair, if their business model came under _material_ pressure to be locked down, I'm not convinced they'd stay open.
As an example, look at Chrome vs adblockers - they could've shut them down years ago, but only acted when adblockers ate materially into the business and they were forced, again recognizing that they'll lose some users to Firefox and Brave.
Obviously yes, Google is more open source than say apple, but clearly less than say red hat. That's not to say Google is "completely open source" but objectively it's "more" than some.
In terms of usability though Google is pretty open.
You can install any software on your android phone, whereas apple controls everything you do on ios.
You can access pretty much all Google services via an api, Facebook and twitter much less so.
In general, Google is more open in that sense.
In the sense of open source, Google is more open than some, but generally would not be considered an "open source company". Other than android there's not much offering there.
Free unlimited egress would completely change cloud economics.
It's going to happen anyway, either wait to be disrupted by the likes of Cloudflare or do it now and disrupt the industry.
Why? How can that possibly be profitable?
In simple economic terms it allows Saints (as they are known) to participate in the global digital economy. Both as providers (everything from programmers to call centres) to consumers (basic things like voice,meetings,streaming etc.)
St Helena now has an airport so with connectivity, tourism also improves. Its a lot easier to take a week to visit a truly exotic location if connectivity is also good.
Currently the islands share a small satillite connection, which is very expensive, and very slow.
In summary, the provision of good connectivity in rural areas helps stem the flood to ever larger urban areas, and allows remote communities to both preserve themselves but also participate directly in a global economy.
Yes there were issues with getting it certified because of the unexpected wind sheer.
None of this negates the value of a Internet cable. Indeed it doesn't negate the value of the airport in extending the local economy.
Given the remoteness of the island, and the low population, things will tend to be more expensive than in other places. That doesn't mean we should just ignore the place.
If we develop rural areas in general with good transport and digital links, we encourage populations to disperse and not just congregate in cities. Which imo is a generally good thing.
I think the cable will be use in 5 years from now unless there's a large asteroid impact, nuclear war, or other major catastrophe. Any sum between $1k and $1M should be fine for me. You can choose any reputable betting site as the broker.
September 12th 2023 - Google undersea fiber team is asked to find other opportunities at the company.
October 23rd 2023 - Google twitter account comments that the undersea cable to South Africa project will not be shut down.
November 12th 2023 - Google undersea cable project to SA officially shut down.